Red Fort is the most important monument in Old Delhi. It is also known as Lal Quila. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built it, when he transferred his capital city from Agra to Shajahanabad. He began to build the fort in 1639 and it took nine years to complete it fully. It was originally known as Qila-i-Mubarak, which means the blessed Fort. The great architects Ustad Hamid and Ahmed designed it. Red Fort retains its historical importance and the Prime Minister of India hoists the national flag every year on Independence Day in the Red Fort. Red Fort was built of red sandstone. It covers more than 2 kilometers. The walls of the fort vary from 18 to 33meter. It has an irregular octagonal shape. It is surrounded by a moat, but now it remains empty. The fort was a significant center during the Mughal Empire. It remains as the best example for the exquisite style of Mughal architecture, though twice the Persian Emperor Nadir Shah attacked it in 1739 and by the British soldiers in 1857.
You have to enter the magnificent Red Fort via the main entrance called Lahore gate. It faces west, towards Lahore in Pakistan, so it derives that name. Aurangazeb built the fortifications before this gate.
The Diwan-i-Am in Red Fort, Old Delhi is the hall of public audiences. It had a courtyard originally and it was decorated with brilliant stuccowork. The Emperor would sit on his royal seat ornamented with precious gems and hear complaints from his subjects in this place. Heavy curtains adorned the main hall. The floor was paved with gorgeous marbles and its masterpiece was the famous Peacock throne, which was beautified with rubies and gems. Nadir Shah carried it away. The portico of this building has nine openings and the royal look of the arches impress the visitors even today. The famous poet Amir Khusro wrote a verse about Diwa-i-Am, “If there is a Paradise on earth, it is here”. You can understand that it is true, by visiting this palace.
Rang Mahal is the women’s quarters in the Red Fort complex, Old Delhi. It is an exquisite building flanked by the Mumtaz Mahal at the southern end. The five archways in the entrance lead you to the center of the hall. There is a lotus shaped fountain the hall that connects various pavilions. The walls of this structure have marble relief carvings.
The Hammam is a royal structure found inside the Red Fort, Old Delhi. It consists of three apartments that are interconnected by corridors. It features beautiful marble floors and dados that have stunning floral patterns.
Moti masjid is an excellent mosque situated inside the Red Fort Complex. It is the personal mosque of Aurangazeb. The prayer hall of the mosque boasts of black marble outline. The women belonging to royal families also offered their prayers in this mosque.
Naubat Khana is a three-storied building that features beautiful carved designs. These carvings were originally made with gold. It served as a drum house, where musicians played five times a day.
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