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Munich is the historical capital of the federal state of Bavaria. Thanks to the beauty of its monuments, its baroque churches and its scenery, it is among the most popular cities in Germany. Munich is a city of a thousand facets, cosmopolitan and modern; every traveller can find something appealing, wandering through its artistic treasures, streets and beerhouses. The best point to start discovering the city is undoubtedly the Marienplatz, the main square where the Neues Rathaus is located. Simply by taking a leisurely walk, you will discover a tidy, clean and very fascinating old town. Without a doubt, among the most important buildings in the city centre is the Frauenkirche, or the Cathedral of Our lady, famous for its twin bell towers topped by brass onion domes. The two towers are just less than 100 metres tall and set the maximum height limit for all the city’s buildings. Other wonderful churches are the renaissance Michaelskirche and the baroque Theatinerkirche and Asamkirche. Among the palaces and historical residences, a visit must be paid to the Nymphenburg Palace, the former summer residence of the Wittelsbach family, and to the Residenz. Distinctive and original are also the buildings that stand within the Olympic Park, the area that was set up for the 1972 summer Olympics. Munich boasts many art museums, most of which are concentrated in the Kunstareal quarter. Here are found: the Alte Pinakothek (the Old Art Gallery), one of the world’s most beautiful and oldest art galleries; the Neue Pinakothek (the New Art Gallery), that houses paintings and sculptures by artists that carried out their work in Europe between the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 20th century, and the Pinakothek der Moderne, the modern and contemporary art museum. The best known event held in the city is the Oktoberfest, the notorious beer festival that takes place in the Theresienwiese area, a plain extending over almost 42 hectares where the breweries’ stands and a fun fair are set up. The climate is continental, markedly influenced by the closeness of the Alps and featuring hot summers and very cold winters. In July the temperatures reach 35°C, whereas in January the average temperature is constantly below 0°C. A climactic feature that is extremely relevant to Bavaria is the Föhn, a warm wind that mitigates the temperature, especially during the winter.
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